May 4, 2015 – Palermo

First of all, Happy Star Wars Day! Doesn’t seem like a big holiday here and I am not seeing unlimited margaritas and guacamole for Cinquo de Mayo either. Sicilians are really missing out.

Anyway, the force is with us today as we see several outstanding churches, chapels and princely buildings. But first, a walk through the produce market because who doesn’t love to see the produce of other countries?!

Beautiful produce at a Palermo market
Beautiful produce at a Palermo market

The father ofAldo, from the front desk in Trapani, father \Sarah and me one of these to try. It was delicious but we didn't know what a nespola was.  It's a loquat!  Aldo and his dad have a farm near Marsala.
The father of Aldo, from the front desk in Trapani, gave Sarah and me one of these to try. It was delicious but we didn’t know what a nespola was. It’s a loquat! Aldo and his dad have a farm near Marsala.

More vegetables!
More vegetables!

Our real first stop is at the Palermo Cathedral. The Cathedral was built in 1185 on top of Byzantine basilica reputed to be built by St. Gregory. Around 800 AD it was turned in to a mosque when the Saracens conquered the area. Since 1185 it has gone through several renovations so it is really a polyglot of styles.

Exterior view of Palermo cathedral
Exterior view of Palermo cathedral

Another view
Another view

Interior view
Interior view

An interesting aspect of the Cathedral is the heliometer of 1690. The device itself is a tiny hole in one of the minor domes which acts as pinhole camera, projecting an image of the sun onto the floor at solar noon. There is a bronze line on the floor, running precisely north to south. The ends of the line mark the positions of the summer and winter solstices and signs of the zodiac show the various other dates throughout the year. This heliometer was used to standardize time and predict when Easter should fall.
Mary's zodiac sign on the floor of the cathedral
Mary’s zodiac sign on the floor of the cathedral

John's zodiac sign on the floor of the cathedral
John’s zodiac sign on the floor of the cathedral

Next we head over to the Norman Palace. It is the oldest continually operating governmental building in Europe. Inside, along with the government offices, is the beautiful Palantine Chapel. It is decorated shimmering mosaics depicting stories from the old and new testaments. It is a miniature of the Monreale Cathedral that we will see tomorrow.
Adam and Eve
Adam and Eve

Cain and Abel
Cain and Abel
St. Paul being smuggled out of Damascus in a basket
St. Paul being smuggled out of Damascus in a basket

Main apse -Jesus
Main apse -Jesus

Back wall -  Jesus with Sts. Peter and Paul
Back wall – Jesus with Sts. Peter and Paul

Noah's drunkeness
Noah’s drunkeness

Tower of Babel
Tower of Babel

Leaving the princely palace we realize it’s lunchtime. We try to pick a place that is not overrun with tourists and settle upon Trattoria Ai Normann. Unfortunately right after we are seated a large German tour groups sits down outside. Thereupon ensues the slowest lunch ever. Two hours of sitting interrupted by two bouts of ten minute eating. We finally force the issue of the check and are told that good food takes time. We had simple dishes that could have been prepared and served in half the time.

We look through two other churches after lunch. One, La Martorana, also has mosaics. It is interesting to see the different yet similar artistic styles.
Overview
Overview

St. Anne
St. Anne

Jesus taking Mary's soul to heaven
Jesus taking Mary’s soul to heaven

Jesus and the archangels
Jesus and the archangels

Tomorrow is our last day before we head home. We hope to see Monreale Cathedral and then fly to Rome for an overnight before completing the rest of our journey.

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